Beneficial Microorganisms in AgricultureHere’s a list of beneficial microorganisms in agriculture manufactured and distributed by CustomBio. I’ve also included a few microorganisms that CustomBio does not manufacture. The beneficial microorganisms can be divided into 4 broad groups; Probiotic for Plants, Nitrogen Fixing Microbes, Biocontrol microorganisms, and Mycorrhizae.
List of Beneficial Microorganisms in Agriculture
Probiotics for Plants – BiofertilizersPlant Probiotics, sometimes called biofertilizers, for plants includes a number of products that we work with here at Custom Biologicals. Some of these products are tablets, some are liquids and all are now available as a powder.
- Biota Max – Biota Max contains 10 different beneficial microorganisms all in a small, effervescent tablet.
- Custom GP – Contains 4 different types of beneficial Trichoderma fungi such as T. viride and T. harzianum.
- Custom B5 – contains 5 different types of beneficial such as Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus megaterium.
- Custom N2 – contains a nitrogen fixing bacteria, Paenibacillus polymyxa.
Nitrogen Fixing MicrobesNitrogen fixing microbes are critical in our list of beneficial microorganisms in agriculture. Nitrogen fixers essentially change atmospheric nitrogen and change it into ammonium. This is a critical step as all life requires nitrogen for DNA, RNA and for protein synthesis.
List of Nitrogen Fixing Microbial Species
Beneficial Biocontrol MicroorganismsBiocontrol microorganisms are generally used in agriculture to control pests like nematodes and insects. While there is a long list of these types of microbes, I’ll just highlight a few here.
- Bacillus thuringenesis – BT is a beneficial microbe that produces a crystal. This crystal is toxic to larvae of the species Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths). Examples of insects controlled are armyworm, cotton bollworm, and tomato hornworm.
- Trichoderma sp – a number of different species of Trichoderma can biologically several fungal diseases such as fusarium and wilt diseases.
- Trichoderma sp – a number of different species of Trichoderma can biologically control a number of different types of nematodes such as root-knot nematode.